Matera is a city of limestone
- Matera is a city of limestone
In the south of Italy, in the region of Basilicata, there is an amazing, small and beautiful city, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, a favorite place of cinematographers, a cave city, the legendary city of Matera. It is proved that this place was inhabited more than 7,000 years ago. However, the official history dates back to the 3rd century BC. The terrain, by its nature, consisting of many grottoes, catacombs, caves, predetermined its history. In the ancient, historical part of this city, all the dwellings were either located in “ready-made” caves, or were cut down in limestone rocks, or rather in calcareous, trimmed or built from the same stone. So that often on the roof of one house there is another, or a road passes! Italians themselves write about these places that the local stone is a soft tuff, which here is called Gravinian Calcareous, which in turn is a type of limestone (limestone sandstone or detrital limestone).