Balustrade, balusters, railings

Creating your home, many people think about how to make it unique and exquisite. One of the distinguishing features can be the use of stone balustrades in the design of the exterior or interior.

The company "PetroMramor" offers to buy balusters made of Russian granite and marble, as well as rails, bases, pillars, Bas-reliefs, traditional columns with natural stone balls of high quality at affordable prices. You can buy both finished products and order the production of fences for your project. If you are only conceiving your own unique house, our staff architects are ready to help to formalize and realize your ideas.

Balusters and balustrades made of natural stone for all ages epitomized the exquisite taste and prosperity of the customer, and, thanks to their characteristics, acted as guarantors of centuries-old operation without repair and restoration works, even in our complex climate.

The word "baluster" went from the ancient Greek "balaustion" Βαλαύστιον, which in translation meant "garnet flower", it is the voluminous form of its bud that resembles a classical balustrade. The very balustrade is a small decorated pillar or pillar. It can be mounted in a special base - the lower beam (or located directly on the step, if used in the enclosure of the staircase) and covered with a handrail or handrails that hold together all the figured supports. These fixed balusters form a balustrade. For the stability of construction and aesthetic diversity through certain, as a rule, the same distance the string of balusters is interrupted by columns or curbstones. They, in turn, consist of a base, body of a curbstone and a lid, and together with the lower beam, balusters and handrails form a single and solid construction. All this can be seen in the picture on the left.

To the balustrade of natural stone stood vertically, did not bend, and served for centuries, it requires a specially prepared foundation, or, in professional terms, the foundation, since the whole structure is quite massive and weighs a lot. With the standards for the design of fences can be found below, here I would like to draw attention to the fact that the height of the balusters directly depends on the location of the balustrade and varies on average from 65 to 90 cm.

More detailed information on the sizes of balusters in the section The price of finished balusters and products for balustrades. To make the artistic appearance of the balustrade more interesting and attractive can various decorative additions in the form of stone balls, carved elegant vases or bowls.

TYPES OF DECORATIVE BALSASIN

Balusters differ not only in materials, and, accordingly, in colors, textures, textures, fastenings, but also of course in form. If, within the framework of this story, not to consider flat balusters made of wood or forged, and to keep in mind the volume, they can be divided into three main types:

1) Turned - with rounded forms, and with different distribution of thickenings, in section having a circle or less often an oval. Such balusters are most in demand and are affordable.

2) Clasped - with clear vertical faces, also with different distribution of thickenings, but in the horizontal section they have a square, rectangle, or polygon.

3) Carved - can combine the above types. This is a unique, piece products, almost works of art, made, as a rule, from natural stone, by special order, with the use of manual modification, have complex shapes, can be decorated with exquisite carving and inlay.

Actual baluster prices , rails and balustrades of standard configuration, as well as drawings of typical balusters and handrails with affordable prices are available, and with inaccessible ones are not available in the section The price of finished balusters and products for balustrades.

Drawing No. 1 of chiseled baluster made of natural granite
Drawing No. 1 of chiseled baluster made of natural granite
Drawing No. 2 of chiseled baluster from granite and marble
Drawing No. 2 of chiseled baluster from granite and marble
Drawing No. 3 of chiseled baluster made of natural stone
Drawing No. 3 of chiseled baluster made of natural stone


To learn about the history of balusters and balustrades from the natural stone from Romulus of the past days to our time, you can visit the page of our wonderful site Balustrades made of stone.

PROJECT DESIGN DOCUMENTS

When designing fences, it is also necessary to be guided not only by the aesthetic and economic aspects, but also with different regulatory documents - JV, SNIP and GOST.

According to the requirements of GOST 25772-83 "Enclosures of stairs, balconies and roofs of steel." For standard street steps of more than three, a fence is required. This GOST requires the designer to designate the dimensions of the fences. Standard is the height of the enclosures of the internal staircases at the level of 90 cm, for balconies - 100 cm, for street barriers - 120 cm. These heights are not accidental. They were calculated on the basis of average data on human growth, they also take into account the requirements of safety and ergonomics, and therefore are considered optimal in most cases.

If there are children in the house, it is necessary to additionally install the handrail taking into account their growth, usually its height is 50 -70 cm. The distance between the support posts should not exceed 107 mm by standards, so that a ball-shaped object of this diameter can not be pushed through the balusters. Usually in children's institutions the width between balusters does not exceed 10 cm, and in other public places 12 cm.

More detailed information on the design of the height of fences can be found in JV 118.13330.2012 * Public buildings and structures, JV 55.13330.2016 "Residential buildings single-family houses", etc.

MANUFACTURING BALSASIN FROM STONE

Making balusters made of natural granite and marble (whole or hollow) is a rather complex and time-consuming process performed on bridge CNC milling machines with the use of profile processing of natural stone and lathes designed for processing natural stone, as well as manual profile machines. The drawing of the balusters made in one of CAD CAD programs such as AutoCad is the basis for the formation in the CAM-program of an executive ISO-module, loaded in a 3, 4 or 5-coordinate CNC machine, depending on the nature of the machining .

For the production of balusters, handrails and balustrades, our company uses exclusively Italian sawing and turning equipment produced by Pedrini S.p.A., GMM S.p.A., Terzago Brevetti S.r.

Manufacture of chiseled balusters from gray granite Mansurovsky
Manufacture of chiseled balusters from gray granite Mansurovsky
Fabrication of a hewn baluster from gray granite of the Surtas field
Fabrication of a hewn baluster from gray granite of the Surtas field
Tapered baluster from black granite Gabbro-diabase "Another river"
Tapered baluster from black granite Gabbro-diabase "Another river"
Balustrade from hewn balusters Gabbro of Karelia
Balustrade from hewn balusters Gabbro of Karelia
A sample of turned balusters from gray-green granite
A sample of turned balusters from gray-green granite
Fabrication of balusters from granite
Fabrication of balusters from granite